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Table 1 Comparison of two approaches of EEDR (IEEE 14-bus)

From: Power system voltage instability risk mitigation via emergency demand response-based whale optimization algorithm

MethodLocationAmount (%)Total amountTotal cost [$/hr]
Multistage method [40]14
9
10
30
30
10
14.22 MW,
7.06 MVAr
822.0
WOA algorithm4
5
7
14
9
11
0
0
6
9
14.6817 MW,
2.3305 MVAr
265.2326