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Table 2 Comparison between the investigated studies and the present work

From: Adaptive coordination control strategy of renewable energy sources, hydrogen production unit, and fuel cell for frequency regulation of a hybrid distributed power system

References

RESs

AE and FC

LFC algorithm

Kn consideration

Load variation

Kn algorithm

Main contributions

[10]

Wind

A bacterial foraging optimization algorithm-based PID controller with a derivative filter

×

Low

n/a

Frequency control

[9]

PV and wind

Hybrid fuzzy proportional derivative–tilt integral derivative (FPD-TID) based chaotic crow search algorithm (CCSA)

Constant

Low

n/a

LFC and proposed control scheme aims to achieve a trade-off between its performance and the operational stability of the microgrid

[8]

PV and wind

×

A feedforward fractional order PID (FFOPID) based on a modified harmony search algorithm

×

High

n/a

LFC

[7]

PV and wind

mMSA-based hFPD–PI controller

Constant

Low

n/a

LFC

Proposed study

PV and wind

mMSA-based PID controller

Variable

High

GWO based PI controller

Adaptive coordination control strategy

LFC

The proposed adaptive coordination control strategy based on changing the value of Kn and subsequently varying the power extracted from the RESs that is used with hydrogen energy storage according to the changing of the frequency deviation