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Table 11 Convergence recurrence of PL on Indian 62-bus system with 30 trials

From: Hybrid intelligence approach for multi-load level reactive power planning using VAR compensator in power transmission network

Methods Range of active power loss, PL (p.u)
0.776–0.766 0.766–0.756 0.756–0.746 0.746–0.736 0.736–0.726 0.726–0.696
PSO 0 0 1 4 8 17
DE 0 0 2 1 10 17
CSA 0 0 0 4 8 18
PSODE 0 0 1 3 7 19
PSOCSA 0 0 0 3 6 21
DECSA 0 0 0 1 3 26