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Table 3 Comparison with alternative methods

From: Comprehensive power swing detection by current signal modeling and prediction using the GMDH method

Ref. No Method Unstable power swing three-phase fault with a phase angle of 180 degrees Multi-mode power swing Noise
[19] Moving window averaging Yes Yes No No
[21] Instantaneous frequency Yes Yes No No
[22] Apparent Power Yes No No No
[36] Rate of change of power Yes No No No
Proposed method GMDH Yes Yes Yes Yes