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Table 6 Parameters of sliding mode controller based on GWO for FAPS

From: Sliding mode controller design for frequency regulation in an interconnected power system

Area k1 K2 K3 K4 KD δ
Area 1 0.504 18.44 108.05 108.07 1.233 0.2903
Area 2 0.180 12.75 110.4 79.24 0.835 0.451
Area 3 0.252 4.697 26.89 64.40 0.239 0.454
Area 4 0.811 14.04 178.3 577.6 0.398 0.318