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Table 4 Result analysis for optimal allocation of DGs at upf

From: Optimal integration of DGs into radial distribution network in the presence of plug-in electric vehicles to minimize daily active power losses and to improve the voltage profile of the system using bio-inspired optimization algorithms

ParametersBOPSO
DG (upf) size (kW)/Bus number309 (10)200 (12)
493 (16)500 (16)
699 (31)776 (31)
Daily active Power Loss in kw15631590
% Daily active power loss reduction58.3957.66
Voltage deviation Index In p.u0.80630.8091
Lowest voltage of the system in p.u0.9353 (18th bus, 23rd hour)0.933 (18th bus, 23rd hour)
OF0.41390.4193
PLRI0.41610.4233
VDIRI0.40870.4098
Time in sec305.9376.56