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Table 4 Result analysis for optimal allocation of DGs at upf

From: Optimal integration of DGs into radial distribution network in the presence of plug-in electric vehicles to minimize daily active power losses and to improve the voltage profile of the system using bio-inspired optimization algorithms

DG (upf) size (kW)/Bus number309 (10)200 (12)
493 (16)500 (16)
699 (31)776 (31)
Daily active Power Loss in kw15631590
% Daily active power loss reduction58.3957.66
Voltage deviation Index In p.u0.80630.8091
Lowest voltage of the system in p.u0.9353 (18th bus, 23rd hour)0.933 (18th bus, 23rd hour)
Time in sec305.9376.56