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Table 5 Comparative study of various controllers for scenario 2

From: Robust frequency control in a renewable penetrated power system: an adaptive fractional order-fuzzy approach

Methods Performance indices
Area 1 Area 2 Tie-line power deviation
PUS
(Hz)
POS
(Hz)
Ts
(s)
PUS
(Hz)
POS
(Hz)
Ts(s) PUS
(puMW)
POS
(puMW)
Ts(s)
TLBO-PID −0.3 0.15 40 − 0.31 0.17 42 −0.015 0.025 55
FO-TLBO-PID −0.21 0.08 36 −0.22 0.09 38 −0.012 0.016 49
Fuzzy-PID −0.11 0.03 21 −0.11 0.035 23 −0.005 0.011 36
FO-Fuzzy-PID −0.061 0.01 15 −0.057 0.012 17 −0.002 0.004 20
Adaptive FO-Fuzzy-PID −0.013 8 0.015 10 0.002 12
  1. PUS Peak undershoot, POS: Peak overshoot, Ts Settling time