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  1. Hydrogen energy is a promising renewable resource for the sustainable development of society. As a key member of the fuel cell (FC) family, the solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) has attracted a lot of attention bec...

    Authors: Bo Yang, Yulin Li, Jiale Li, Hongchun Shu, Xinyu Zhao, Yaxing Ren and Qiang Li
    Citation: Protection and Control of Modern Power Systems 2022 7:36
  2. The ‘mismatch losses’ problem is commonly encountered in distributed photovoltaic (PV) power generation systems. It can directly reduce power generation. Hence, PV array reconfiguration techniques have become ...

    Authors: Xiaolun Fang, Qiang Yang and Wenjun Yan
    Citation: Protection and Control of Modern Power Systems 2022 7:35
  3. This paper proposes an improved sine–cosine algorithm (ISCA) based 2-DOF-PID controller for load frequency control. A three-area test system is built for study, while some physical constraints (nonlinearities)...

    Authors: Neelesh Kumar Gupta, Manoj Kumar Kar and Arun Kumar Singh
    Citation: Protection and Control of Modern Power Systems 2022 7:33
  4. Owing to the significant number of hybrid generation systems (HGSs) containing various energy sources, coordination between these sources plays a vital role in preserving frequency stability. In this paper, an...

    Authors: Hossam S. Salama, Gaber Magdy, Abualkasim Bakeer and Istvan Vokony
    Citation: Protection and Control of Modern Power Systems 2022 7:34
  5. Outage recovery is important for reducing the economic cost and improving the reliability of a distribution system (DS) in extreme weather and with equipment faults. Previous studies have separately considered...

    Authors: Chenchen Li, Yanna Xi, Yufan Lu, Nian Liu, Liudong Chen, Li Ju and Yibin Tao
    Citation: Protection and Control of Modern Power Systems 2022 7:32
  6. To improve the stability of a wind-diesel hybrid microgrid, a frequency control strategy is designed by using the hybrid energy storage system and the adjustable diesel generator with load frequency control (L...

    Authors: Yang Mi, Boyang Chen, Pengcheng Cai, Xingtang He, Ronghui Liu and Xingwu Yang
    Citation: Protection and Control of Modern Power Systems 2022 7:31
  7. The existing electricity market mechanisms designed to promote the consumption of renewable energy generation complicate network participation in market transactions owing to an unfair market competition envir...

    Authors: Qianya He, Zhenjia Lin, Haoyong Chen, Xinyun Dai, Yirui Li and Xin Zeng
    Citation: Protection and Control of Modern Power Systems 2022 7:30
  8. This paper develops a multi-timescale coordinated operation method for microgrids based on modern deep reinforcement learning. Considering the complementary characteristics of different storage devices, the pr...

    Authors: Chunchao Hu, Zexiang Cai, Yanxu Zhang, Rudai Yan, Yu Cai and Bowei Cen
    Citation: Protection and Control of Modern Power Systems 2022 7:29
  9. Partly because of advances in power electronic converters, the share of renewable energy in power generation is steadily increasing. The main medium of interface for integrating renewable energy sources to the...

    Authors: Vikash Gurugubelli, Arnab Ghosh and Anup Kumar Panda
    Citation: Protection and Control of Modern Power Systems 2022 7:27
  10. Fully digitalized substations using IEC 61850 process bus are being introduced all over the world. Numerous utilities have featured pilot projects, demonstrators or even industrial scale deployment of these Fu...

    Authors: Volker Leitloff, Hao Chen, Dehui Chen, Andrea Bonetti, Lei Xu, Ahmed Mohamed and Carl Byman
    Citation: Protection and Control of Modern Power Systems 2022 7:26
  11. Fault detection and classification is a key challenge for the protection of High Voltage DC (HVDC) transmission lines. In this paper, the Teager–Kaiser Energy Operator (TKEO) algorithm associated with a decisi...

    Authors: Rajesh Babu Damala, Rajesh Kumar Patnaik and Ashish Ranjan Dash
    Citation: Protection and Control of Modern Power Systems 2022 7:25
  12. To extract strong correlations between different energy loads and improve the interpretability and accuracy for load forecasting of a regional integrated energy system (RIES), an explainable framework for load...

    Authors: Kailang Wu, Jie Gu, Lu Meng, Honglin Wen and Jinghuan Ma
    Citation: Protection and Control of Modern Power Systems 2022 7:24
  13. The emergence of distributed generators has changed the operational mode and fault characteristics of the distribution network, in a way which can severely influence protection. This paper proposes a d-axis-ba...

    Authors: Lindong Zang, Guibin Zou, Chenghan Zhou, Maoran Zheng and Tao Du
    Citation: Protection and Control of Modern Power Systems 2022 7:23
  14. The planetary gearbox is a critical part of wind turbines, and has great significance for their safety and reliability. Intelligent fault diagnosis methods for these gearboxes have made some achievements based...

    Authors: Dongdong Li, Yang Zhao and Yao Zhao
    Citation: Protection and Control of Modern Power Systems 2022 7:22
  15. Out-of-step oscillation separation devices based on apparent impedance angle trajectory are widely used in the power grid in China, and their reliability is of great importance. In this paper, the influence me...

    Authors: Haibo Xu, Yupeng Cai, Xiaolei Qu and Zhiwei Dong
    Citation: Protection and Control of Modern Power Systems 2022 7:21
  16. Frequency control of an interconnected power system in the presence of wind integration is complex since wind speed/power variations also affect system frequency in addition to load perturbations. Therefore, i...

    Authors: Appala Naidu Karanam and Binod Shaw
    Citation: Protection and Control of Modern Power Systems 2022 7:20
  17. A general growth is being seen in the use of renewable energy resources, and photovoltaic cells are becoming increasingly popular for converting green renewable solar energy into electricity. Since the voltage...

    Authors: Vahid Hosseinkhani and Mohammad Sarvi
    Citation: Protection and Control of Modern Power Systems 2022 7:19
  18. The keys factor in making wind power one of the main power sources to meet the world's growing energy demands is the reliability improvement of wind turbines (WTs). However, the eventuality of fault occurrence...

    Authors: Abdelwahab D. Bebars, Abdelfattah A. Eladl, Gabr M. Abdulsalam and Ebrahim A. Badran
    Citation: Protection and Control of Modern Power Systems 2022 7:18
  19. Offshore wind farms (OWFs) have received widespread attention for their abundant unexploited wind energy potential and convenient locations conditions. They are rapidly developing towards having large capacity...

    Authors: Bo Yang, Bingqiang Liu, Hongyu Zhou, Jingbo Wang, Wei Yao, Shaocong Wu, Hongchun Shu and Yaxing Ren
    Citation: Protection and Control of Modern Power Systems 2022 7:17
  20. In this work, chaos game optimization (CGO), a robust optimization approach, is employed for efficient design of a novel cascade controller for four test systems with interconnected power systems (IPSs) to tac...

    Authors: Mohamed Barakat
    Citation: Protection and Control of Modern Power Systems 2022 7:16
  21. The multi-port energy router (ER) is an effective topology for integrating train traction load, AC load, the energy storage system and photovoltaic(PV) energy. The start and stop process of urban rail transit ...

    Authors: Richeng Chen, Yaxi Yang and Tao Jin
    Citation: Protection and Control of Modern Power Systems 2022 7:15
  22. Power system faults can often result in excessively high currents. If sustained for a long time, such high currents can damage system equipment. Thus, it is desirable to operate the relays in the minimum possi...

    Authors: Rajesh Saikrishna, Nilesh Kumar Rajalwal and Debomita Ghosh
    Citation: Protection and Control of Modern Power Systems 2022 7:14
  23. Mission-critical IEC 61850 system architectures are designed to tolerate hardware failures to achieve the highest reliability performance. Hence, multi-channel systems are used in such systems within industria...

    Authors: Vonani Clive Mathebula and Akshay Kumar Saha
    Citation: Protection and Control of Modern Power Systems 2022 7:13
  24. Microgrids (μ-grids) are gaining increased interest around the world for supplying cheap and clean energy. In this paper, a μ-grid comprising a wind turbine generator (WTG) and diesel generator (DG) is conside...

    Authors: Gulshan Sharma, K. Narayanan, T. Adefarati and Sachin Sharma
    Citation: Protection and Control of Modern Power Systems 2022 7:12
  25. Growing application of distributed generation units at remote places has led to the evolution of microgrid (MG) technology. When an MG system functions independently, i.e., in autonomous mode, unpredictable lo...

    Authors: Md. Yah-Ya Ul Haque, Md. Rashidul Islam, Tanvir Ahmed and Md. Rafiqul Islam Sheikh
    Citation: Protection and Control of Modern Power Systems 2022 7:10
  26. In existing power system networks, the positioning and sizing of multi-DG is critical at the optimum locations for effective energy management. Initially optimal power flow is assessed using the NR method (wit...

    Authors: Anwar Shahzad Siddiqui and Prashant
    Citation: Protection and Control of Modern Power Systems 2022 7:9
  27. This paper presents fault detection, classification, and location for a PV-Wind-based DC ring microgrid in the MATLAB/SIMULINK platform. Initially, DC fault signals are collected from local measurements to exa...

    Authors: Kanche Anjaiah, Pradipta Kishore Dash and Mrutyunjaya Sahani
    Citation: Protection and Control of Modern Power Systems 2022 7:8
  28. Wind farms are integrated with the power grid system to provide active and reactive power. Because in a wind farm, wind turbines (WTs) are highly coupled to their operating conditions, a central wind farm supe...

    Authors: Hammadi Laghridat, Ahmed Essadki and Tamou Nasser
    Citation: Protection and Control of Modern Power Systems 2022 7:7
  29. Fault current magnitude in a microgrid depends upon its mode of operation, namely, grid-connected mode or islanded mode. Depending on the type of fault in a given mode, separate protection schemes are generall...

    Authors: Raghvendra Tiwari, Ravindra Kumar Singh and Niraj Kumar Choudhary
    Citation: Protection and Control of Modern Power Systems 2022 7:6
  30. Multi terminal VSC-HVDC systems are a promising solution to the problem of connecting offshore wind farms to AC grids. Optimal power sharing and appropriate control of DC-link voltages are essential and must b...

    Authors: Seyed Mohsen Alavi and Reza Ghazi
    Citation: Protection and Control of Modern Power Systems 2022 7:4
  31. Grid frequency variation causes phase angle deviation in current with respect to voltage. This is sensed at the phase-locked loop in the controller. In past studies the effect of grid frequency variation is ne...

    Authors: Srishail K. Bilgundi, R. Sachin, H. Pradeepa, H. B. Nagesh and M. V. Likith Kumar
    Citation: Protection and Control of Modern Power Systems 2022 7:3
  32. DC microgrids (DCMGs) integrate and coordinate various DC distribution generation units including various renewable energy sources and battery storage systems, and have been used in satellites, the Internation...

    Authors: Sarah Ansari, Jing Zhang and Rajat Emanuel Singh
    Citation: Protection and Control of Modern Power Systems 2022 7:2
  33. Fast and accurate monitoring of the phase, amplitude, and frequency of the grid voltage is essential for single-phase grid-connected converters. The presence of DC offset in the grid voltage is detrimental to ...

    Authors: Issam A. Smadi and Bayan H. Bany Fawaz
    Citation: Protection and Control of Modern Power Systems 2022 7:1
  34. In this paper, a robust model-free controller for a grid-connected photovoltaic (PV) system is designed. The system consists of a PV generator connected to a three-phase grid by a DC/AC converter. The control ...

    Authors: Ahsene Boubakir, Sid-Ahmed Touil, Salim Labiod and Nasserdine Boudjerda
    Citation: Protection and Control of Modern Power Systems 2021 6:43
  35. Low biogas yield in cold climates has brought great challenges in terms of the flexibility and resilience of biogas energy systems. This paper proposes a maximum production point tracking method for a solar-bo...

    Authors: Jialin Chen, Ruijiang Yang, Da Xu, Bin Zhou and Yifang Jin
    Citation: Protection and Control of Modern Power Systems 2021 6:42
  36. High penetration of renewable sources into conventional power systems results in reduction of system inertia and noticeable low-frequency oscillations (LFOs) in the rotor speed of synchronous generators. In th...

    Authors: Ahmed Hesham Abd El-Kareem, Mohamed Abd Elhameed and Mahmoud M. Elkholy
    Citation: Protection and Control of Modern Power Systems 2021 6:41
  37. Out-of-step protection of one or a group of synchronous generators is unreliable in a power system which has significant renewable power penetration. In this work, an innovative out-of-step protection algorith...

    Authors: Jigneshkumar Pramodbhai Desai and Vijay Hiralal Makwana
    Citation: Protection and Control of Modern Power Systems 2021 6:40
  38. Nanogrid is “The new ray of hope” for people living in remote isolated locations as well as where power supply reliability is poor. A nanogrid is a small power capacity distribution system with the ability to ...

    Authors: Sachin P. Jolhe, Gunwant A. Dhomane and Minal D. Karalkar
    Citation: Protection and Control of Modern Power Systems 2021 6:39
  39. To address the problem of insufficient system inertia and improve the power quality of grid-connected inverters, and to enhance the stability of the power system, a method to control a virtual synchronous gene...

    Authors: Leilei Guo, Zhiye Xu, Nan Jin, Yanyan Li and Wei Wang
    Citation: Protection and Control of Modern Power Systems 2021 6:38
  40. Wind energy is a fluctuating source for power systems, which poses challenges to grid planning for the wind power industry. To improve the short-term wind forecasts at turbine height, the bias correction appro...

    Authors: Jingjing Xu, Ziniu Xiao, Zhaohui Lin and Ming Li
    Citation: Protection and Control of Modern Power Systems 2021 6:37
  41. With high penetration of renewable energy sources (RESs) in modern power systems, system frequency becomes more prone to fluctuation as RESs do not naturally have inertial properties. A conventional energy sto...

    Authors: Gaber Magdy, Abualkasim Bakeer and Mohammed Alhasheem
    Citation: Protection and Control of Modern Power Systems 2021 6:36
  42. A whale optimization algorithm (WOA)-based power system stabilizer (PSS) design methodology on modified single machine infinite bus (MSMIB) and multi-machine systems to enhance the small-signal stability (SSS)...

    Authors: Butti Dasu, Sivakumar Mangipudi and Srinivasarao Rayapudi
    Citation: Protection and Control of Modern Power Systems 2021 6:35
  43. Currently, asynchronous cage motors are among the most commonly requested machines accentuated by their extension to the field of electric vehicles. Therefore, the development of robust and sophisticated contr...

    Authors: Soukaina El Daoudi and Loubna Lazrak
    Citation: Protection and Control of Modern Power Systems 2021 6:34
  44. An iterative method based on Shapley Value Cooperative Game Theory is proposed for the calculation of local marginal price (LMP) for each Distributed Generator (DG) bus on a network. The LMP value is determine...

    Authors: Venkataramana Veeramsetty
    Citation: Protection and Control of Modern Power Systems 2021 6:33
  45. Because of system constraints caused by the external environment and grid faults, the conventional maximum power point tracking (MPPT) and inverter control methods of a PV power generation system cannot achiev...

    Authors: Yingying Zhao, Aimin An, Yifan Xu, Qianqian Wang and Minmin Wang
    Citation: Protection and Control of Modern Power Systems 2021 6:32
  46. The integration of distributed renewable energy sources into the conventional power grid has become a hot research topic, all part of attempts to reduce greenhouse gas emission. There are many distributed rene...

    Authors: Oliver Dzobo, Bessie Malila and Lindokhuhle Sithole
    Citation: Protection and Control of Modern Power Systems 2021 6:31

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