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Table 3 Nominal parameters of the studied HGS

From: Adaptive coordination control strategy of renewable energy sources, hydrogen production unit, and fuel cell for frequency regulation of a hybrid distributed power system

Component Gain Time constant
Wind generator (WG) KWG = 1.0 TWG = 1.5
Photovoltaic (PV) KPV = 1.0 TPV = 1.8
Aqua electrolyzer (AE) KAE = 0.002 TAE = 0.5
Fuel cell (FC) KFC = 0.01 TFC = 4.0
Flywheel energy storage system (FESS) KF = -0.01 TF = 0.1
Battery energy storage system (BESS) KB = -0.003 TB = 0.1
Electric vehicles (EV) KEV = 1.0 TEV = 1.0
Diesel generator (DG) KDG = 0.003 TDG = 2.0
Power system (PS)   
Parameter name Damping factor Virtual inertia factor
Parameter value D = 0.3 J = 0.4