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Table 1 Summary of state-of-the-art solutions

From: Adaptive coordination control strategy of renewable energy sources, hydrogen production unit, and fuel cell for frequency regulation of a hybrid distributed power system

References

Year

Main contribution

Enhancement requirement/disadvantage

Algorithm

[32]

2021

Improve bus voltage fluctuation, current circulation, and the rationality of power distribution

The integration of wind system

The high load variation

The fraction factor consideration to state the power sharing between RESs and FC

Super-twisting algorithm (STA)

[33]

2019

A two-time scale energy management system to deal with the fuel cells and electrolysis specifications

Load high variation

The fraction factor consideration to state the power sharing between RESs and FC

[34]

2020

Proposed energy management system between the AC MG component, considering its electrical characteristics

The fraction factor consideration to state the power sharing between RESs and FC

P-f droop control strategy

[35]

2020

Frequency control of MG system

The effectiveness of the proposed method was validated under small load perturbation

The fraction factor consideration to state the power sharing between RESs and FC

A linear quadratic regulator with an integral controller

[25, 36]

2020

Proposed a decentralized coordination control strategy among the generation, storage, hydrogen production unit, FC in the island DC, AC MG

It does not take into consideration the electrical characteristics of the fuel cell

The fraction factor is considered to state the power sharing between RESs and FC

Efficiency adaptive control strategy

[37]

2017

Stochastic model is proposed for coordinated scheduling of renewable energy sources

SoC protection and overpower protection are not considered

Decentralization approach is not considered

The fraction factor consideration to state the power sharing between RESs and FC

A stochastic model