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Table 8 TMS and \(t_{op}\) of relays nearest to fault location (before and after splitting) considering multiple faults in the IEEE 30-bus system

From: Adaptive relay co-ordination using a busbar splitting approach for a system integrity protection scheme

Faulty bus

Relay nearest to fault

TMS (before busbar splitting)

\(t_{op}\) of nearest relay (before splitting) (s)

TMS (after busbar splitting)

\(t_{op}\) of nearest relay (after splitting) (s)

17

R4

0.1011

1.204

0.025

0.312

R7

0.030

0.378

23

R11

0.123

1.495

R14

0.118

1.52

0.025

0.313