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Table 7 TMS and \(t_{op}\) of relays nearest to fault location

From: Adaptive relay co-ordination using a busbar splitting approach for a system integrity protection scheme

Faulty bus Relay nearest to fault TMS (before busbar splitting) \(t_{op}\) of nearest relay (before splitting) (s) TMS (after busbar splitting) \(t_{op}\) of nearest relay (after splitting) (s)
17 R4 0.1011 1.204 0.025 0.312
R7 0.030 0.378