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Table 5 TMS and \(t_{op}\) of all relays before and after splitting in the IEEE 14-bus system

From: Adaptive relay co-ordination using a busbar splitting approach for a system integrity protection scheme

Relay No Faulty Bus TMS (after busbar splitting) Operating time of relay (\(t_{op}\) (s)) after splitting TMS (with MBPS considered) Operating time of relay (\(t_{op}\) (s)) before splitting
R1 Bus 11 0.025 0.4169 0.1007 1.5943
R2 0.0819 1.2959
R3 0.0429 0.7169 0.0818 1.2943
R4 0.0609 0.1198
R5 0.0609 1.0171 0.1198 1.8923
R6 0.0609 1.0169 0.0628 0.9932
R7 0.1198 1.8917
R8 0.0789 1.3169 0.0439 0.6932
R9 0.025 0.3946
R10 0.0969 1.6209 0.025 0.4692
R11 0.0969 1.6176 0.025 0.3946
R12 0.0439 0.6946
R13 0.114 1.9209 0.0409 0.7692
R14 0.063 0.99501
R15 0.1180 1.846
R16 0.0439 0.693
R17 0.0628 0.9946
R18 0.0609 1.0160 0.1943 2.1923
R19 0.12 1.8954
R20 0.1008 1.5959