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Table 4 TMS and \(t_{op}\) of relay nearest to fault and the back-up relay (after splitting) in the IEEE 14-bus system

From: Adaptive relay co-ordination using a busbar splitting approach for a system integrity protection scheme

Faulty bus Relay nearest to fault \(t_{op}\) of nearest relay (s) Back-up of nearest relay \(t_{op}\) of backup relay (s)
11 R1 0.4169 R3 0.7169
R14 0