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Table 1 TMS and \(t_{op}\) of the nearest relay to fault and back-up relay

From: Adaptive relay co-ordination using a busbar splitting approach for a system integrity protection scheme

Faulty bus Relay nearest to fault \(t_{op}\) of nearest relay (s) Backup of nearest relay \(t_{op}\) of backup relay (s)
11 R1 1.5943 R15 1.846
R14 0.9950 R2 1.2959