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Table 8 Optimal performance for Indian 62-bus practical system of three different methods

From: Hybrid intelligence approach for multi-load level reactive power planning using VAR compensator in power transmission network

Methods LSA PFA MA
System real power loss (in p.u) Minimum Operating cost (in $) System real power loss (in p.u) Minimum Operating cost (in $) System real power loss (in p.u) Minimum Operating cost (in $)
PSO 0.7240 3.80 × 107 0.7271 3.826 × 107 0.7286 3.83 × 107
DE 0.7217 3.79 × 107 0.7224 3.801 × 107 0.7242 3.811 × 107
CSA 0.7191 3.78 × 107 0.7194 3.785 × 107 0.7199 3.791 × 107
PSODE 0.7181 3.779 × 107 0.7184 3.78 × 107 0.7197 3.787 × 107
PSOCSA 0.7172 3.77 × 107 0.7175 3.775 × 107 0.7175 3.775 × 107
DECSA 0.7057 3.7080 × 107 0.7127 3.7479 × 107 0.7144 3.749 × 107