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Table 4 Comparison of optimization results obtained for the benchmark functions

From: Hybrid intelligence approach for multi-load level reactive power planning using VAR compensator in power transmission network

Algorithm Sphere Step Dejong’s
Mean Std Mean Std Mean Std
DE [40] 8.2E−14 5.9E−14 0 0 0.00463 0.0012
CSA[studied] 0.0397 1.8448E-04 0.0391 2.9843E-04 0.0018 1.0877E-04
DECSA[proposed] 0.0113 9.9770E-05 0.0395 5.9997E-05 0.0014 2.0786E-04
Algorithm Ackley’s Griwank Schwefel’s
Mean Std Mean Std Mean Std
DE [40] 69.2 38.8 0 0 0 0
CSA[studied] 0.0230 9.2361E-05 0.0496 3.9056E-04 −7.8924E03 62.22
DECSA[proposed] 0.0113 5.2856E-05 0.0393 8.0515E-04 −8.332E03 255.33