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Table 7 Numerical results for responses of combined LFC and AVR model with CTDs, with and without considering IPFC-RFBs

From: Impact of communication time delays on combined LFC and AVR of a multi-area hybrid system with IPFC-RFBs coordinated control strategy

Parameters Without device With RFBs only With IPFC and RFBs only
TS (Sec) PU (−ve) PO TS (Sec) PU (−ve) PO TS (Sec) PU (−ve) PO
∆f1
10−3
8.42 33.39 9.235 6.449 31.41 8.678 6.092 21.77 3.833
∆f2
10−3
10.77 7.200 0.722 7.26 6.42 1.02 6.798 2.751 0.3439
∆Ptie12
10−3
12.65 15.62 2.106 9.422 14.44 1.079 7.743 10.73 1.773
V1 5.154 0.711 1.429 2.234 0.8171 1.233 1.557 0.955 1.127
V2 5.020 0.745 1.428 2.108 0.8163 1.232 1.647 0.962 1.092