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Table 6 Optimum values of controller under coordinated control strategy

From: Impact of communication time delays on combined LFC and AVR of a multi-area hybrid system with IPFC-RFBs coordinated control strategy

Controller Area-1 Area-2 Device
parameters
Loop LFC Loop AVR Loop LFC Loop AVR
DE-AEFA: PID KP = 4.0786
KI = 2.7907
KD = 2.0413
KP = 2.3922
KI = 1.5666
KD = 1.1921
KP = 3.6959
KI = 3.3108
KD = 2.2699
KP = 2.0572
KI = 2.0963
KD = 1.8385
DE-AEFA: PID with RFBs only KP = 3.6983
KI = 2.1317
KD = 1.9620
KP = 1.7751
KI = 2.1906
KD = 0.8502
KP = 4.0214
KI = 3.3378
KD = 2.3791
KP = 2.4988
KI = 2.4557
KD = 1.6560
KRBF1 = 1.017, KRBF2 = 0.903
TRBF1 = 0.999, TRBF2 = 1.000
DE-AEFA: PID with IPFC-RFBs KP = 4.8141
KI = 2.6573
KD = 2.2913
KP = 2.7727
KI = 1.6615
KD = 1.5962
KP = 3.9448
KI = 2.5180
KD = 1.9787
KP = 2.4043
KI = 1.8551
KD = 1.3273
K1 = 0.971, K2 = 0.957
TIPFC = 0.9265, KRBF1 = 0.9070 KRBF2 = 0.9351, TRBF1 = 0.997TRBF2 = 0.9876