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Table 13 Simulation results on IEEE 14 bus system with DG using different algorithms

From: Impact of the penetration of distributed generation on optimal reactive power dispatch

Control Variables (p.u.) PSO R-PSO L-PSO PSO-CFA IPSO-SR FOA MFOA JAYA
VG1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 0.95 1.1 1.1
VG2 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 0.95 1.1 1.0991
VG3 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.0812 0.95 1.1 1.0803
VG6 1.1 1.0534 1.1 1.0522 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1
VG8 1.1 1.0396 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1
V4(DG) 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 0.95 1.1 0.9564
T4–7 0.9511 1.0286 0.9824 1.1 0.9704 0.9 1.1 1.0847
T4–9 1.1 1.1 1.1 0.9434 1.1 0.9 1.1 0.9
T5–6 1.1 1.1 1.0112 1.1 1.006 0.9 1.1 1.0026
Qsc9 0.2309 0.3 0.3 0.0025 0.3 0.0027 0.0 0.1882
Qsc14 0.0517 0.064 0.0604 0.0648 0.0606 0.0004 0.0 0.0588
Optimum DG value at bus no. 4 (MW) 155.11478 192.441259 192.226747 192.468381 192.414496 194.465270 210.184649 190.176833
Total Ploss (MW) 3.1288 3.1179 3.0600 3.1156 2.9660 3.9772 3.6449 2.9641