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Table 2 Optimized PID parameters with different approaches

From: Coordinated control of conventional power sources and PHEVs using jaya algorithm optimized PID controller for frequency control of a renewable penetrated power system

MethodsTraditional LFC PID parameters
KPKIKD
Z-N PID0.061.130.1
GA-PID[19]0.5041.511.16
PSO-PID[20]0.30642.30270.7361
GWO-PID[22]0.16391.91930.9317
JAYA-PID0.04852.13210.2646