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Table 4 EEDR results in IEEE 14-bus and Algerian 114-bus systems in the case of load increasing

From: Power system voltage instability risk mitigation via emergency demand response-based whale optimization algorithm

SystemEventsLocationAmount (%)Total amountTotal cost [$/hr]VSI
Before EEDRAfter EEDR
IEEE 14-busIncreasing of load by 170%4
5
7
14
9
43
29
9
10
21
52.6923 MW,
6.9592 MVAr
419.98110.21090.3
Increasing of load by 190%4
5
7
14
9
68
26
21
15
59
60.6080 MW,
11.9255 MVAr
725.68260.12610.3001
Algerian 114-busIncreasing of load by 20%89
68
92
67
32
0
0
0
8.8781 MW,
4.4390 MVAr
254.52130.23900.3011
Increasing of load by 35%89
68
92
67
69
0
42
2
13.2722 MW,
6.6361 MVAr
536.73190.13760.3