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Table 9 Fault location results for multiple simultaneous faults involving untransposed line

From: Wide area measurements based fault detection and location method for transmission lines

No. Fault lines Fault types Actual FL (p.u.) Fault Res. (Ω) FL Est. error (%) using data from selected buses
1 & 8 1, 8 & 16
1st 4–10 AG 0.8 10 0.01 0.01
9–10 BC 0.3 1 0.01 0.01
2nd 4–10 AG 0.8 10 0.29 0.08
9–10 BG 0.5 10 0.19 0.05
3rd 4–10 AG 0.7 1 0.01 0.02
9–10 BG 0.4 20 0.03 0.04