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Table 7 Fault location results for multiple simultaneous faults on transposed lines

From: Wide area measurements based fault detection and location method for transmission lines

No. Fault lines Fault types Actual FL (p.u.) Fault Res. (Ω) FL Est. error (%) using data from selected buses
1 & 8 1, 8 & 16
1st 4–10 AG 0.8 25 0.02 0.02
6–9 BC 0.3 10 0.49 0.40
2nd 4–10 AG 0.8 50 0.01 0.00
9–10 BG 0.9 25 0.02 0.01
3rd 6–9 BC 0.3 1 0.05 0.07
9–10 BG 0.9 15 0.01 0.01