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Table 3 Difference between FZIV preceding the fault and during the BG fault occurring in protection zone 2

From: Wide area measurements based fault detection and location method for transmission lines

Zone number

ΔFZIVa

ΔFZIVb

ΔFZIVc

1

0.022

0.043

0.048

2

0.761

10.423

0.937

3

0.548

1.027

0.745

4

0.021

0.044

0.078

5

0.003

0.125

0.165

  1. The value corresponding to the faulted section and phase is written in bold font