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Table 4 DSE performance variation, fault time of variation in Vse at θse = 00 of UPFC

From: A critical fault detection analysis & fault time in a UPFC transmission line

Types of fault Vse in % age Fault Condition-1: 100 km from bus B-S (before UPFC) Rf = 1 Ω FIA = 00,NSI, θse = 00 Fault Condition-2: 300 km from bus B-S (after UPFC), Rf = 1 Ω,FIA = 00,NSI, θse = 00 Fault time in cycle period
   A B C A B C ˂1
A-G 0 136.1 19.12 4.0853 −129 −40.1 −11.53 ˂1
AB-G 5 124.3 113.9 38.36 −53.1 −112 0.1829 ˂1
ABCG 8 48.51 150.54 169.68 −113 −106 −120.6 ˂1
BC G 10 30 121.03 125.24 −11.1 −110 −123.4 ˂1